Rules for Grading


1.    1. Definitions

For the purpose of these rules and the grading system at large, the following definitions shall apply:

1.1  “run” means a single trip down the course from start line to finish line.

1.2  “set” means a predetermined set of 6 runs following a particular set of rules.  Examples include a Hungarian set and a Korean set.

1.3  A “half-set” is applicable only to specialised styles; namely Qabaq. The “half-set” consists of 3 runs following the applicable rules.  Two Qabaq half-set scores must be added together to obtain a full (ie 6 run) qabaq score which can be used to attain a grade (see rule 1.1.6).

1.4 “style” means a particular set of rules defining an event, such as the Hungarian style or the Korean style.

1.5  “competition” means an event at which a number of horseback archers compete against each other in one or more events.   Grades may be obtained at competitions but the primary purpose of a competition is to compete against others.

1.6     “Score” means the score for a set (see 1.2).  Therefore a “Hungarian score” is the number of points obtained from a single set of 6 runs using the Hungarian rules.  If a grade requires the submission of, e.g. “4 scores”, that means the scores from 4 sets, each consisting of 6 runs.

1.7       “Discipline” means the different sections of the Korean style, i.e. single shot, double shot and serial shot.


2      The Grading Committee and Awarding Bodies

2.1  The grading system shall be administered by the Grading Committee. 

2.2  The Grading Committee shall consist of one member from each Awarding Body.

2.3  Where a national governing body adopts the grading system, that body shall become the Awarding Body for that country. Where two or more bodies claim to be the national governing body, priority shall be given to any such body that is affiliated to the World Horseback Archery Federation.

2.4  Other bodies such as clubs may apply to become the Awarding Body for their country or area.  The application shall be decided by the Grading Committee, who shall give preference to national governing bodies. 

2.5  The Grading Committee shall be the Awarding Body where there is no national governing body where such national governing body has not adopted the grading system and, in either case, there is no other approved Awarding Body (see Rule 2.3)


3      Student Grades

3.1  There are three student (s) grades: S1, S2 and S3, where S3 is the highest student grade. 

3.2  Student grades can only be obtained by shooting Korean events. 

3.3  Scores used to attain student grades are governed by different scoring rules from regular Korean events:

3.3.1      The allotted time for 90m is 16s, rather than 14s as is usual.

3.3.2      The allotted time for 180m is 32s.

3.3.3      The allotted time for 150m 24s.

3.3.4      No bonus points are awarded for speed in the case of student grades.  Only points scored by hits on the target count towards a student grade.

3.4  Points are deducted in the usual way (see Korean Style rules) for runs completed slower than the allotted time, but using the slower times specified in rules 3.3.1-3.3.3 above.

3.5  All other Korean Style rules apply in the case of student grades.

3.6  The scores required to obtain the S grades are set out in the Tables attached to these Rules.


4      Horseback Archer Grades

4.1  There are eight Horseback Archer (HA) grades, HA1-HA8, where HA8 is the highest HA grade.

4.2  The requirements for obtaining the HA grades vary according to the grade.  The specific requirements of each grade are set out in the Tables attached to these Rules.


5      Submitted Scores

5.1  The number of scores required for a grade varies according to the grade (see the Tables).

5.2  Scores must be submitted for complete sets, each set shot in one continuous go.  The exception is qabaq, for which half-set scores maybe submitted.  It is not necessary for more than one set or half-set to have been shot in one go.

5.3  No more than one score from each style may be submitted from any given day.

5.4  All scores must be witnessed by at least two people who are members of an organisation that is an Awarding Body or affiliated to an Awarding Body.  This includes national governing bodies and any clubs, regions etc that are affiliated to the governing body.

5.5   Scores must be submitted to the relevant Awarding Body.  Scores are not submitted when they are attained.  A person should submit an application for a grade, enclosing all of the required scores, using the forms found in the Appendices to these Rules.

5.6   Awarding Bodies may vary Rule 5.4.

5.7   If an application for a grade is properly supported by the correct scores attained in accordance with these Rules then the grade shall be granted.  If it is not so supported then the grade shall not be granted.

5.8   Scores may be submitted in support of an application for a grade equal to or below the level of the score (e.g. an HA3 score may be submitted in support of an application for HA3 or below).

5.9   A single score may be submitted in support of more than one application, so long as it is of the correct level (e.g. if a person submits an application for HA1 and uses an HA3 score as support, then that score may later be used in support of applications at HA2 and/or HA3), subject to the time limit on submitted scores (see Rule 5.7 below).



Attila holds S3.  To attain HA1 or HA2 he needs to submit 2 Korean and 2 Hungarian scores.  One day he shoots a Korean set and a Hungarian set, achieving HA2 grades on both.  A few weeks later he again shoots a Korean set and a Hungarian set.  This time he only achieves HA1 scores. 

Attila may apply for HA1 using the scores above, because they are all of HA1 or above.

A few weeks later (but still within 12 months:  see Rule 5.8), Attila shoots another Korean set and another Hungarian set.  He achieves HA2 scores in both and may now apply for HA2 using these sets and his previous HA2 scores, even though they have already been used to apply for HA1.


5.10All scores submitted in support of an application must have been shot within 12 months of each other (i.e. the time between the first and last scores must be 12 months or less).

5.11Rule 5.9 may be varied by Awarding Bodies, but any such variation may only make the period shorter, not longer.

5.12A person may apply to the Awarding Body for an extension of time to shoot further scores.  Such an application should only be granted in exceptional circumstances such as an injury that has prevented the person from riding and/or shooting.  An extension should not be granted if a person has just not been able to attain the required score despite having the opportunity to do so.


6      Competitions

6.1  Competitions are events at which competitors compete against each other.  Although grading scores may be obtained at a competition, the primary purpose of a competition is to compete against others. 

6.2  Scores may be submitted from competitions even when the competition was not run to the grading rules, provided that the following conditions are met:

6.2.1      all targets are at least as far from the track as in the grading rules;

6.2.2      no target or scoring zone within the target is bigger than prescribed by the grading rules;

6.2.3      no other rule of the competition may make it easier for competitors to attain a higher score than they would attain under the grading rules, save as set out in rule 6.2.4 below.

6.2.4      where the competition uses different rules for time bonuses/deductions, bonuses for hitting multiple targets or any other rule or rules that would result in a different score being achieved under grading rules, the competition score must be submitted with full details of the times of each run and the scores on each target.

6.3  Although Awarding Bodies are allowed to vary the amount of practice allowed at their own competitions, they must accept a competition score shot under the grading rules as published if that competition is shot outside of the Awarding Body’s jurisdiction.


7      Non-Competition Grading

7.1  Non-competition scores are all scores other than those obtained at a competition.

7.2  Scores from non-competition sets may only be submitted if the shooting was carried out according to grading rules.

7.3  Practice is permitted before attempting the scored runs.  There must be a pause of at least 30 minutes between practice and scoring runs.  After this pause a person may warm themself and their horse up but may not shoot, save for such practice runs as are permitted under grading rules for competitions.

7.4  Rule 7.3 may be varied by Awarding Bodies, but any such variation shall not reduce the required pause below 30 minutes, nor shall it allow more practice after the pause than is allowed by the grading rules for competition.

7.5  During a day of non-competition grading, a person may attempt no more than two scored sets at each style.  Only one score for each style may be submitted from any given day.

7.6  Rule 7.5 may be varied by Awarding Bodies, but any such variation shall not allow more than two scored sets per discipline in a day, nor shall it allow the submission of more than one score per day per discipline.

7.7  There is no limit on the frequency or number of occasions on which non-pressure grading scores may be attempted.

7.8  Rule 7.7 may be varied by Awarding Bodies.


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